As a result of inherent language and API incompatibilities, languages such as Kotlin and Swift make it extremely difficult and costly to develop cross-platform mobile applications. Thus, hybrid native mobile frameworks have become excellent platforms for developing React Native windows app.
One such open-source mobile framework is React Native. It was created by Facebook using the company’s proprietary ReactJS programming framework. Additionally, it allows React Native developers to create apps for both the Android and iOS platforms using a single language. React Native is made up of distinct native components such as Text, Input, Modal, and Button that map into native platform-specific component versions utilizing a common codebase.
Among the most popular solutions for React Native windows app development is to use React Native for desktop/Windows. To put it simply, there are virtually no limitations when it comes to what can be done.
React Native For Windows: Overview
React Native Windows App Project Approaches
Brownfield – The UWP (Universal Windows Platform) program is built on XAML pages that include the full app’s content, similar to how a React Native windows app is built on a single page that contains the primary App.js component. As a result, if you currently have the UWP app project as a legacy and want to port it to RNW or augment the project with RNW content, the following actions must be taken:
- Building an RNW project in the same way as the Greenfield project,
- Relocating the old UWP solution to the newly established project, and
- Adding a new XAML Page with the following content.
Developing A Desktop App With React Native For Windows: Key Steps
The following are the crucial steps while developing a React Native windows app. Take a look!
Step 1: Setting Up A Developer Environment.
- It is recommended that you install Windows 10.0.16299.0 or a higher version of Windows on your computer.
- Next, install the dependencies that are required. The following command must be run in an elevated PowerShell window to accomplish this.
Set-ExecutionPolicy Unrestricted -Scope Process -Force; iex (New-ObjectSystem.Net.WebClient) . DownloadString (‘https://raw.githubusercontent.com/microsoft/react-native-windows/master/vnext/Scripts/rnw-dependencies.ps1 ’)
- Visual Studio, Node.js, and Chocolatey packages will all be installed as a result of running this command in React Native developers mode.
- In addition, it is also advantageous if your computer has a physical memory of at least 8 GB since a lot of memory is required to run the Windows build processes.
Step 2: Installing React Native For Windows.
- Navigate to the directory in which the React Native windows app project will be built in a command-line window.
- Use the Node Package Executor (NPX) to execute a command.
npx react-native init --template react-native@^0.63.2
- By using this command, you will be able to create a React Native project without having to either install any additional tools locally or globally. As a result, it will generate a React Native windows app within the directory specified by the project name.
- To install React Native for Windows packages, switch to the project directory and run the following command:
cd projectName npx react-native-windows-init --overwrite
- Run the following command after launching your web browser to run the application.
npx react-native run-windows
|NOTE: It takes some time for the first build process to be completed since it involves the compilation of several C++ source files. Occasionally, the build process may fail and display error messages. If that is the case, you will need to run a command to detect these errors.|
Step3: Debugging React Native Windows App.
- Check the following options when installing Visual Studio 2019:
(1) Workloads – UWP development and desktop development using C++.
(2) Individual Components – Development activities and Node.js support.
- Launch Visual Studio and open the app folder’s solution file.
- On the left side of the “Run” button and below the menu items called “Team and Tools,” you can select the debugging configuration and x64 platform from the combo box controls.
- You should now run the command yarn start from your project directory and wait until you receive a successful response from the React Native packager.
- Then, either select the “Run” option from the platform combo box control within Visual Studio or select the Debug->Start without Debugging menu item. Your newly created React Native windows app will be visible after this step.
- For opening Developer Tools in your web browser, you may either press Ctrl+Shift+I or F12.
Step 4: Building A Simple React Native Windows App.
- Ensure that the required code is added to App.js.
- Assemble the necessary React Native components and APIs, and make use of React’s “useState Hook” to receive user input.
- By using React Native, you will be able to build native UI components for the Universal Windows Platform.
- This extension for the react-native-windows project supports a Yoga-friendly syntax, which makes it easier to implement complex layouts.
- Additionally, the React Native community has developed several remarkable libraries that are compatible with iOS, Android, and Windows applications.
- In Visual Studio, app distribution is enabled if the source code for the UWP application is opened.
Step 5: React Native Windows App Publishing.
- Open the Visual Studio solution for your app. In the root folder of the project, there is a Windows/directory that contains this solution. It is in the windows/directory that you will find the .sln file that contains the name of your application.
- Open and load the solution in Visual Studio and then select the “Release configuration” option in the “Configuration Manager” drop-down menu.
- To create an React Native windows app package that is ready to be published, click the option – Project, Publish, Create App Packages.
- Located in the same directory as the source code, the build artifacts are available as a .sln file- <root>/windows/AppPackages/directory – in which your .sln file is there.
Inside React Native For Windows: Aspects To Be Aware Of
- Several predefined React components are included within React Native’s core component set, including Image, Text, View, ScrollView, and TextInput.
- As a result of React Native’s official runtime, native-like UI building blocks can be rendered on iOS and Android platforms. By making the Native Render module extensible, the React Native team allowed the dev community to extend it for other platforms.
- The React Native app development services adds support for Windows apps through its ability to generate a React Native windows app with a Universal Windows Platform GUI.
- In addition to Windows 10, Windows 10 Mobile, Windows Mixed Reality, and Xbox One system software, UWP apps can also be deployed on all other popular platforms.
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